J. Travis Mulliniks

Photo of Travis Mulliniks
Areas of Expertise
Beef Cattle
Ruminant Nutrition
Assistant Professor
Range Cow Production System Specialist
CURRICULUM VITAE

EDUCATION

PhD-Range Nutrition/Minor-Agriculture Economics- New Mexico State University - December 2012
MS-Range Nutrition - New Mexico State University - August 2008
BS-Animal Science - Oklahoma State University - May 2006

EMPLOYMENT
2017-present
Assistant Professor in Range Cow Production Systems – 50% Research/50% Extension Appointment;
West Central Research and Extension Center, University of Nebraska Lincoln
2012-2017
Assistant Professor in Beef Cattle Nutrition – 100% Research Appointment
Department of Animal Science, University of Tennessee, Knoxville
Conduct applied beef cattle management and nutrition systems research.
2009-2012
Graduate Research Assistant
Department of Animal and Range Sciences, New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, and USDA-ARS Livestock and Range Research Station, Miles City, MT.
2006-2008
Graduate Research Assistant
Department of Animal and Range Sciences, New Mexico State University, Las Cruces.
BEEF COW RESEARCH
  • General area

    Ruminant nutrition, metabolism, and physiology

    Beef cattle management utilizing semi-arid rangelands (New Mexico, Montana, and Nebraska), introduced and native pasture-based systems, (Tennessee), and feed efficiency with GrowSafe technology.

    Utilized extensive, interdisciplinary approach in collaborations with range and forage ecologists, reproductive physiologists, chemists, soil scientists, wildlife ecologists, agriculture economists, geneticist, genomics/bioinformatics, rumen microbiologist, animal behaviorist, fire ecologist, immunologist, and other dairy, beef, and human nutritionists.

  • Nature of research conducted:

    The focus of my research objectives are to create cost-effective, innovative rich, simple to implement rangeland/forage and animal management practices and systems that promote ecological stewardship, grazing animal efficiency, and economic sustainability. This objective is based on the hypothesis that interaction of strategies such as: 1) application of nutritional technologies (supplements that minimize metabolic limitations); 2) use of quick methods to detect metabolic dysfunction; and 3) improved rangeland and pasture use practices when applied simultaneously with items 1 and 2, will foster high impact technologies that will be adopted by clientele.

  • Previous and current research has been focused on the grazing beef cow and beef production systems including:
    • beef heifer development methods and longevity
    • decreasing winter feed cost and improving range cow productivity with strategic supplementation
    • range beef cow mineral nutrition and intake
    • increasing reproduction and economic returns in young range cows with supplementing propionate salts
    • variation in mineral water and water quality for livestock in rangelands
    • influence of body condition score on reproduction in young range cows
    • predicting range cow reproductive status with nutritional assessments
    • impact of prenatal nutrition on calf development and health from birth through the finishing phase
    • calf preconditioning programs focused on calf health and economic returns
    • system management to increase range beef herd reproductive and production efficiency
    • factors affecting beef cow efficiency – sub cellular and production management
    • strategic supplementation of limiting amino acids in heifers
    • endophyte-infected fescue effects on peripheral blood flow with Doppler ultrasound
    • influence of genetic potential for milk production on feed efficiency measured
TEACHING EXPERIENCE
  • Classes Taught
    • University of Tennessee
      • Animal Science 511 – Advanced Cow-calf Nutrition – Spring 2013
      • Animal Science 515 – Advanced Animal Nutrition – Spring 2015
  • Guest Lecture
    • University of Tennessee
      • Plant Science 435/535 – Field and Forage Crops – Fall 2013 & 2015
        "Nutrient Requirements of Grazing Livestock"
      • Animal Science 430 – Nutrient Evaluation and Ration Formulation – Spring 2014
        "Ration Formulation for Stocker Cattle"
  • GRADUATE COMMITTEE ACTIVITIES AS A FACULTY MEMBER
    • M.S. Committees Chaired:
      • Melissa Edwards: Graduated Summer 2014
        Thesis title "Impact of supplementing rumen-protected arginine on blood flow parameters and luteinizing hormone concentration in cyclic beef cows consuming endophyte-infected tall fescue seed".
        Current job: Eastern US Regional Manager for Life Products
      • Sarah Edwards: Graduated Summer 2015
        Thesis title "Effect of milk production level on cow-calf productivity and profitability in Tennessee".
        Current job: Animal Feed Regulatory Program Standards Specialist for North Carolina Department of Agriculture
      • Jeremy Hobbs: Graduated Fall 2016
        Thesis title "Nutritional and metabolic factors influencing cow-calf efficiency in Tennessee".
        Current job: US Lab and Feed Safety Analyst for Hi-Pro Feeds
  • PhD COMMITTEES
    • CHAIRED:
      • Zach MacFarlane: Graduated Spring 2018
        Dissertation title "Effect of low-input heifer development strategy on reproductive performance and lifetime productivity in Tennessee".
        Current job: Assistant Professor in Beef Production Systems at California Polytechnic San Luis Obispo
      • Emily Cope: Expected graduation date Spring 2018
        Dissertation title "Indentifying the role that beta-hydroxybutyrate regulates reproduction, stress, and metabolism in livestock".
      • Joslyn Beard: Expected graduation date Spring 2021
    • GRADUATE COMMITTEE SERVICE AT UNIVERSITY OF TENNESSEE:
      • Leah Hooper: M.S. degree, Department of Animal Science; Completed August 2014
      • Tania Torchon: M.S. degree, Department of Animal Science; Completed August 2015
      • Christine Gelley: M.S. degree, Department of Plant Science; Completed December 2015
      • Sarah Howard: M.S. degree, Department of Animal Science; Completed August 2016
      • Jeffery Kaufman: M.S. degree, Department of Animal Science; Completed August 2016
      • Kimberly Kassube: M.S. degree, Department of Animal Science; Completed August 2016
      • Kaysie Jennings: M.S. degree, Department of Animal Science; Completed August 2016
      • Ronique Bedford: PhD degree, Department of Animal Science: Completed December 2017
      • Neal Wepking: M.S. degree, Department of Plant Science; Completed December 2017
      • Lisa Amelse: PhD degree, College of Veterinary Medicine
      • Kyle Brazil: PhD degree, Department of Forestry, Wildlife and Fisheries
      • Emily Melchoir: M.S. degree, Department of Animal Science
      • Brooke Clemmons: M.S. degree, Department of Animal Science
      • Marcia da Silva: M.S. degree, Department of Plant Science
      • Johnny Richwine: PhD degree, Department of Forestry, Wildlife and Fisheries
      • Jeffery Kaufman: PhD degree, Department of Animal Science
    • GRADUATE COMMITTEE SERVICE AT UNIVERSITY OF NEBRASKA:
      • Tasha King: PhD degree, Department of Animal Science
    • INTERNSHIP RESEARCH ADVISEMENT
      • 2013 UT's Center of Excellence Student Summer Research Program
        • Victoria Balvin: 2nd year UT Veterinary Student
        • Co-advised with Dr. Brian Whitlock (Associate Professor; Department of Large Animal Clinical Sciences)
        • Project title "The effect of beta-hydroxybutyrate, a ketone body, injection into the lateral cerebroventricles (ICV) of lambs on plasma concentrations of luteinizing hormone (mean, pulse frequency, and pulse amplitude).
      • 2016 UT's Center of Excellence Student Summer Research Program
        • Mary Waller: 2nd year UT Veterinary Student
        • Co-advised with Dr. Brian Whitlock (Associate Professor; Department of Large Animal Clinical Sciences)
        • Project title "The effect of beta-hydroxybutyrate injection into the lateral cerebroventricles (ICV) of OVX-ewe lambs on plasma concentrations of luteinizing hormone (mean, pulse frequency, and pulse amplitude).


    UNIVERSITY, COLLEGE AND DEPARTMENT COMMITTEES
    Period Committee
    2016-2017 Beef Reproductive Physiologist Search Committee
    2014 Beef Nutrition Search Committee
    2014-2017 Beef Cattle Workgroup – Beef & Forage Leadership Team of the UT Extension Strategic Business Plan
    2012-2017 UT Animal Science Graduate Program Committee
    2013 Dairy Nutrition Search Committee
    2013 Plateau REC Forage Research Associate Search Committee
    2012-2013 Plant Science Faculty Search Committee


    AWARDS
    • 1st place in the Applied Paper Competition at the Western Section of the American Society of Animal Science Meeting, 2012
    • 1st place in the Applied Paper Competition at the Western Section of the American Society of Animal Science Meeting, 2009
    • 2nd place in the Applied Paper Competition at the Western Section of the American Society of Animal Science Meeting, 2008
    PROFESSIONAL MEMBERSHIPS AND SERVICES
    • American Society of Animal Science
    • Society for Range Management
    • Gamma Sigma Delta
    • National Cattlemen's Beef Association
    • W1012: Improving ruminant use of forages in sustainable production systems for the western U.S.
    • Journal of Animal Science: Ad Hoc Reviewer. 2011 – current
    • Animal Feed Science and Technology. Ad Hoc Reviewer. 2012 – current.
    • Animal Production Science: Ad Hoc Reviewer. 2012 – current.
    • Animal: Ad Hoc Reviewer. 2015 – current.
    • OMAFRA – University of Guelph Grant Proposal – Reviewer – 2012
    • Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada – Grant Reviewer – 2014
    PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT
    • American Society of Animal Science Annual meetings
    • AgResearch Fellows Program. Series of activities and mentoring organized by University of Tennessee's AgResearch to promote pre-tenure faculty member competitiveness.
    • Grant Writer's Seminar and Workshop, Knoxville, TN in 2012, 2014, and 2017.
    • Disney Institute: Disney's Approach to Leadership Excellence


    PUBLICATIONS
    Publication Type No. publications
    Peer-reviewed - Published 36
    Peer-reviewed - Submitted 7
    Peer-reviewed - In Progress 4
    Scientific and Extension Proceedings 33
    Abstracts 53
    Invited Papers 12
    Popular Press 1


    REFERED

    PUBLISHED
    1. Cope, E. R., B. H. Voy, M. Staton, T. Lane, J. Davitt, and J. T. Mulliniks. Beta-hydroxybutyrate infusion identifies acute differentially expressed genes related to metabolism and reproduction in the hypothalamus and pituitary of sheep. Physiological Genomics (Accepted 02/02/18).
    2. Kaufman, J., K. G. Pohler, J. T. Mulliniks and A. G. Rius. 2018. Lowering rumen degradable and undegradable protein improved amino acid metabolism and energy utilization in lactating dairy cows exposed to heat stress. J. Dairy Sci. 101:386-395.
    3. Mulliniks, J. T., S. R. Edwards, J. D. Hobbs, Z. D. McFarlane, and E. R. Cope. 2018. Post-weaning feed efficiency decreased in progeny from higher milk yielding beef cows. Animal. 12:275-279.
    4. Barbero, R. P., E. B. Malheiros, R. L. G. Nave, J. T. Mulliniks, L. M. Delevatti, J. F. W. Koscheck, E. Romanzini, A. Ferrari, D. Renesto, T. T. Berchielli, A. C. Ruggieri, and R. A. Reis. 2017. Influence of post-weaning management system during the finishing phase on grasslands or feedlot on aiming to improvement of beef cattle production. Agricultural Systems 153:23-31.
    5. Clemmons, B. A., R. I. Mihelic, R. C. Beckford, J. B. Powers, E. A. Melchior, Z. D. McFarlane, E. R. Cope, M. M. Embree, J. T. Mulliniks, S. R. Campagna, B. H. Voy, P. R. Myer. Serum metabolites associated with feed efficiency in black angus steer. Metabolomics.
    6. Edwards, M. A., J. L. Edwards, B. K. Whitlock, E. J. Scholljegerdes, and J. T. Mulliniks. 2017. Rumen-protected arginine alters blood flow parameters and luteinizing hormone concentration in cyclic beef cows consuming toxic endophyte-infected tall fescue seed. Journal of Animal Science 95:1537-1544. doi:10.2527/jas2016.1309.
    7. Edwards, S. R., J. D. Hobbs, and J. T. Mulliniks. 2017. High milk production decreases cow-calf productivity within a highly available feed resource environment. Translational Animal Science 1:54-59.
    8. Hobbs, J. D., E. R. Cope, S. E. Edwards, Z. D. McFarlane, and J. T. Mulliniks. 2017. Circulating beta-hydroxybutyrate concentration may be a predictive measurement for young cows that have a greater probability to conceive at a fixed-time artificial insemination. Journal of Animal Science 95:1545-1552. doi:10.2527/jas2016.1247.
    9. McFarlane, Z. D., P. R. Myer, E. R. Cope, J. D. Hobbs, and J. T. Mulliniks. 2017. The effects of In Vitro Biochar addition on forage digestibility and gas production. Agricultural Science. 8:316-325. doi:10.4236/as.2017.84023.
    10. McFarlane, Z. D., R. P. Barbero, R. L. G. Nave, E. B. Maheiros, R. A. Reis, and J. T. Mulliniks. Effect of forage species and supplement type grazing winter forage on rumen kinetics and serum metabolites in developing beef heifers. Journal of Animal Science.
    11. Mulliniks, J. T., J. E. Sawyer, R. C. Waterman, and M. K. Petersen. 2016. Delaying postpartum supplementation alters the pattern of cow weight loss without affecting calf performance. Agricultural Sciences 7:642-649.
    12. Goodman, L. E., A. F. Cibils, R. L. Wesley, J. T. Mulliniks, M. K. Petersen, E. J. Scholljegerdes, and S. H. Cox. 2016. Temperament affects rangeland use patterns and reproductive performance of beef cows. Rangelands 38:292-296.
    13. Mulliniks, J. T., E. R. Cope, Z. D. McFarlane, J. D. Hobbs, and R. C. Waterman. 2016. Drivers of grazing livestock efficiency: how physiology, metabolism, experience and adaptability influence productivity? Invited Review. Journal of Animal Science 94(S6):111-119.
    14. Nave, R.L.G., R. P. Barbero, C. N. Boyer, M. D. Corbin, and J. T. Mulliniks. 2016. Poultry litter as a sustainable fertilizer for stockpiled tall fescue during winter grazing in middle Tennessee. Crop, Forage & Turfgrass Management doi:10.2134/cftm2015.0187.
    15. Petersen, M. K., J. M. Muscha, J. T. Mulliniks, and A. J. Roberts. 2016. Water temperature impacts water consumption by range cattle in winter. Journal of Animal Science 94:4297-4306.
    16. Sawalhah, M. N., A. F. Cibils, H. Cao, D. M. VanLeeween, J. L. Holechek, C. M. Black-Rubio, R. L. Wesley, R. E. Endecott, J. T. Mulliniks, and M. K. Petersen. 2016. Forage and weather influence day- vs. nighttime cow behavior and calf weaning weights on rangeland. Rangeland Ecology & Management 69:134-143.
    17. Keyser, P. D., E. D. Holcumb, C. M. Lituma, J. C. Waller, G. E. Bates, C. N. Boyer, and J. T. Mulliniks. 2016. Forage attributes and animal performance from native grass inter-seeded with red clover. Agronomy Journal 108:373-383.
    18. Barbero, R. P., E. B. Malheiros, T. L. R. Araujo, T. T. Berchielli, A. C. Ruggieri, R. L. G. Nave, J. T. Mulliniks, and R. A. Reis. 2015. Influence of herbage allowance and supplementation levels on growing steers grazing Marandu palisadegrass pastures. Animal Feed Science and Technology 209:110-118.
    19. Mulliniks, J. T., A. G. Rius, M. A. Edwards, S. R. Edwards, J. D. Hobbs, and R. L. G. Nave. 2015. Improving efficiency of production in pasture- and range-based beef and dairy systems. Journal of Animal Science 93:2609-2615.
    20. Mulliniks, J. T., J. E. Sawyer, F. W. Harrelson, C. P. Mathis, S. H. Cox, C. A. Loest, and M. K. Petersen. 2015. Effect of late gestation body weight change and condition score on progeny feedlot performance. Animal Production Science 56:1998-2003.
    21. Petersen, M. K., J. M. Muscha, J. T. Mulliniks, R. C. Waterman, A. J. Roberts, and M. J. Rinella. 2015. Sources of variability in livestock water quality over 5 years in Northern Great Plains. Journal of Animal Science 93:1792-1801.
    22. Petersen, M. K., C. J. Mueller, J. T. Mulliniks, A. J. Roberts, and T. DelCurto, and R. C. Waterman. 2014. Potential limitations of NRC in predicting energetic requirements. Journal of Animal Science 92:2800-2808.
    23. Mulliniks, J.T., C. P. Mathis, S. H. Cox, M. K. Petersen. 2013. Supplementation strategy during late gestation alters steer progeny health in the feedlot without affecting cow performance. Animal Feed Science and Technology 185:126-132.
    24. Mulliniks, J. T., M. E. Kemp, R. L. Endecott, S. H. Cox, A. J. Roberts, R. C. Waterman, E. J. Scholljegerdes, T. W. Geary, and M. K. Petersen. 2013. Does β-hydroxybutyrate concentration influence conception date in young postpartum range beef cows?. Journal of Animal Science 91:2902-2909.
    25. Mulliniks, J. T., R. C. Waterman, and T. W. Geary. 2013. Economics of early weaning in Northern Great Plains beef cattle production. Agricultural Science 4:219-223.
    26. Endecott, R. L., R. N. Funston, A. J. Roberts, and J. T. Mulliniks. 2013. Enterprise level implications on heifer development. Journal of Animal Science 91:1329-1335.
    27. Mulliniks, J. T., D. E. Hawkins, K. K. Kane, E. J. Scholljegerdes, L. A. Torell, and M. K. Petersen. 2013. Metabolizable protein supply alters pregnancy and subsequent retention rate during heifer development while grazing dormant winter forage. Journal of Animal Science 91:1409-1416.
    28. Mulliniks, J. T., S. H. Cox, M. E. Kemp, R. L. Endecott, R. C. Waterman, and D. M. VanLeeuwen, M. K. Petersen. 2012. Relationship between body condition score at calving and reproductive performance in young postpartum cows grazing native range. Journal of Animal Science 90:2811-2817.
    29. Mulliniks, J. T., J. E. Sawyer, C. P. Mathis, S. H. Cox, and M. K. Petersen. 2012. Winter supplementation during late gestation influences cow and steer progeny performance. Journal of Animal Science 90:5099-5106.
    30. Sawyer, J. E., J. T. Mulliniks, R. C. Waterman, M. K. Petersen. 2012. Influence of protein type and level on nitrogen and forage utilization in cows consuming low-quality forage. Journal of Animal Science 90:2324-2330.
    31. Wesley, R. L., A. F. Cibils, J. T. Mulliniks, E. R. Pollak, M. K. Petersen, E. L. Fredrickson, and D. M. Hallford. 2012. An assessment of behavioural syndromes in rangeland-raised beef cattle. Applied Animal Behavioral Science 139:183-194.
    32. Mulliniks, J. T., M. E. Kemp, S. H. Cox, D. E. Hawkins, and M. K. Petersen. 2011. The effect of increasing amount of glucogenic precursors on reproductive performance in young postpartum range cows. Journal of Animal Science 89:2932-2943.
    33. Mulliniks, J. T., S. H. Cox, M. E. Kemp, R. E. Endecott, R. C. Waterman, D. M. VanLeeuwen, L. A. Torell, M. K. Petersen. 2011. Protein and glucogenic precursor supplementation: A nutritional strategy to increase reproductive and economic output. Journal of Animal Science 89:3334-3343.
    34. Petersen, M. K., J. T. Mulliniks, A. J. Roberts, and R. C. Waterman. 2010. Challenges to predicting productivity of grazing ruminants: Where to now?. Pages 180–188 in Proc. 4th Grazing Livestock Nutrition Conference. B. W. Hess, T. DelCurto, J. G. P. Bowman, and R. C. Waterman ed. West. Sec. Am. Soc. Anim. Sci., Champaign, IL.
    35. Petersen, M. K., S. H. Cox, J. T. Mulliniks, R. C. Waterman, and L. A. Torell. 2010. Granaderia de cria en zonas áridas. Qué ofrece de nuevo la ciencia? . 320 Confreso Argentino de Produccion Animal; Malargue, Mendoa, Argentina: Annual Scientific Meeting of the AAAP (Argentina Association Animal Production); Argentina: Argentina Association Animal Production. Available at: http://www.aapa.org.ar/congresos/2009/conferencias/NA/Petersen.pdf. Accessed August 17, 2011.
    36. Mathis, C. P., S. H. Cox, C. A. Löest, M. K. Petersen, and J. T. Mulliniks. 2009. Pasture preconditioning calves at a higher rate of gain improves feedlot health but not post-weaning profit. Professional Animal Science 25:475-480.

    SUBMITTED
    1. Barbero, R. P., E. B. Malheiros, N. M. Aguilar, E. P. Romanzini, T. L. Araujo, A. C. Ferrari, R. L. G. Nave, J. T. Mulliniks, and R. A. Reis. Supplementation level influences dry matter intake of beef cattle grazing low herbage height. Tropical Animal Health and Production.
    2. Green, M. A., E. R. Cope, Z. D. McFarlane, E. J. Scholljegerdes, and J. T. Mulliniks. Impact of supplementing rumen-protected arginine on amino acid utilization and circulating blood metabolite concentration in cyclic beef cows consuming endophyte-infected tall fescue seed. Animal.
    3. McFarlane, Z. D., A. M. DeVolk, F. E. Loeffler, P. R. Myer, E. R. Cope, B. Biss, and J. T. Mulliniks. Effects of in vitro biochar fermentation on methane production and microbial population. Animal Feed Science and Technology.
    4. McFarlane, Z.D., C.N. Boyer, and J. T. Mulliniks. Profitability of developing beef heifers on stockpiled winter forages. J. Applied Farm Econ.
    5. McFarlane, Z. D., R. L. G. Nave, K. G. Pohler, and J. T. Mulliniks. Effect of low-input heifer development strategy on reproductive performance. Journal of Animal Science.
    6. Serrato-Corona, J. S., M. D. Gambill, I. Tovar-Luna, J. T. Mulliniks, and M. K. Petersen. Increasing Metabolizable protein intake alters adipose tissue mobilization in young beef cows fed low-quality hay. Translational Anim. Sci.
    7. Wepking, N. R., R. L. G. Nave, J. T. Mulliniks, and Z. D. McFarlane. Stockpiling Warm-Season Grasses in the Southeastern United States. Agronomy Journal.

    IN PROGRESS
    1. Boyer, C., S. R. Edwards, J. D. Hobbs, and J. T. Mulliniks. Economic efficiency of milk production levels in Tennessee. Journal of Animal Science (In progress).
    2. Cope, E. R., B. H. Voy, B. K. Whitlock, K. G. Pohler, Z. D. McFarlane, J. D. Hobbs, and J. T. Mulliniks. Effect of chronic elevated concentrations of beta-hydroxybutyrate on reproduction and metabolism in ewes. Journal of Animal Science (In progress).
    3. Hobbs, J. D., S. R. Edwards, M. A. Edwards, R. L. G. Nave, and J. T. Mulliniks. Nutritive value of ensiling switchgrass with differing feedstuffs. Animal Feed Science and Technology (In progress).
    4. Hobbs, J. D., E. R. Cope, Z. D. McFarlane, B. K. Whitlock, B. H. Voy, and J. T. Mulliniks. Metabolic flexibility and oxidative capacity in lactating beef cows. Journal of Animal Science (In progress).

    PROCEEDINGS
    1. Cope, E. R., J. D. Hobbs, Z. D. McFarlane, and J. T. Mulliniks. 2017. Effect of nutrient restriction and central administration of beta-hydroxybutyrate on circulating metabolites in ovariectomized ewes. Proc. West. Sec. Am. Soc. Anim. Sci. 68:(In press).
    2. McFarlane, Z. D., E. R. Cope, J. D. Hobbs, R. N. Oakes, and J. T. Mulliniks. 2017. Heifer development using stockpiled, dormant native forages and protein supplementation delays body weight gain without altering reproductive performance. Proc. West. Sec. Am. Soc. Anim. Sci. 68:(In press).
    3. Mulliniks, J. T., S. R. Edwards, J. D. Hobbs, Z. D. McFarlane, and E. R. Cope. 2017. Post-weaning feed efficiency decreased in progeny from high milk producing beef cows. Proc. West. Sec. Am. Soc. Anim. Sci. 68:(In press).
    4. Sawalhah, M. N., A. F. Cibils, A. Maladi, H. Cao, D. M. VanLeeuwen, J. L. Holechek, C. M. Black-Rubio, R. L. Wesley, R. L. Endecott, J. T. Mulliniks, and M. K. Petersen. 2015. Assessment of foraging behavior of beef cows on rangeland: analysis of four years of GPS data. 25th International Meeting on Beef and Milk Production in Hot Climates. Ensenada, Baja California, Mexico.
    5. Bates, G., A. G. Rius, J. D. Rhinehart, R. L. G. Nave, J. T. Mulliniks, D. McIntosh. 2014. Forage Analysis Definitions. UT Extension and Research Report. SP 774.
    6. Cibils, A., C. Black-Rubio, R. Wesley, V. Prileson, M. Sawalhah, R. Endecott, J. T. Mulliniks, and M. K. Petersen. 2014. Cattle grazing site preferences in pastures with different amounts of juniper woodland: what we've learned. Proceedings, Corona Range and Livestock Research Center, Corona, NM
    7. Petersen, M. K., J. M. Muscha, J. T. Mulliniks, A. J. Roberts, and R. C. Waterman. 2013. A preliminary assessment of yearlong relative loose mineral intake and range cow productivity in northern Great Plains. Proc. West. Sec. Am. Soc. Anim. Sci. 63:258-261.
    8. Mulliniks, J. T., A. J. Roberts, R. C. Waterman, T. W. Geary, E. J. Scholljegerdes, and M. K. Petersen. 2012. Assessment of serum IGF-1 and -hydroxybutyrate concentrations on reproductive performance prior to calving and breeding in young beef cows grazing native range. Proc. West. Sec. Am. Soc. Anim. Sci. 62:185-188.
    9. Mulliniks, J. T., D. E. Hawkins, K. K. Kane, S. H. Cox, L. A. Torell, E. J. Scholljegerdes, and M. K. Petersen. 2012. Metabolizable protein supply alters pregnancy and subsequent retention rate during heifer development while grazing dormant winter forage. Proc. West. Sec. Am. Soc. Anim. Sci. 62:306-310.
    10. Mulliniks, J. T., M. E. Kemp, R. L. Endecott, S. H. Cox, E. J. Scholljegerdes, T. W. Geary, and M. K. Petersen. 2012. Pre-breeding β-hydroxybutyrate concentration influences conception date in young postpartum range beef cows. Proc. West. Sec. Am. Soc. Anim. Sci. 62:10-15.
    11. Mulliniks, J. T., M. E. Kemp, S. H. Cox, R. L. Endecott, R. C. Waterman, and M. K. Petersen. 2011. Relationship between body condition score at calving and reproductive performance in 2- and 3-yr-old postpartum cows grazing native range from 2000 – 2007. Corona Range and Livestock Res. Center Field Day Proc.
    12. Petersen, M. K., J. M. Muscha, A. J. Roberts, and J. T. Mulliniks. 2011. Range cattle winter water consumption in northern Great Plains. Proc. West. Sec. Am. Soc. Anim. Sci. 61:73-75.
    13. Petersen, M. K., M. S. Reil, J. M. Muscha, and J. T. Mulliniks. 2011. Access to warm drinking water prevents rumen temperature drop without affecting in situ NDF disappearance in grazing winter range cows. Proc. West. Sec. Am. Soc. Anim. Sci. 61:335-336.
    14. Reil, M. S., J. T. Mulliniks, J. M. Muscha, R. C. Waterman, and M. K. Petersen. 2011. In vitro evaluation mimics influences of winter cold water ingestion on ruminal function. Proc. West. Sec. Am. Soc. Anim. Sci. 61:397-400.
    15. Roberts, A. J., R. Funston, J. T. Mulliniks, M. K. Petersen, and M. MacNeil. 2011. Feed efficiency – how should it be used for the cow herd? Proc. The Range Beef Cow Symposium XXII.
    16. Harrelson, F. W., S. L. Ivey, S. H. Cox, R. L. Dunlap, J. T. Mulliniks, B. H. Carter, C. A. Loest, and M. K. Petersen. 2010. Effect of supplemental protein source during the winter on pre- and postpartum glucose metabolism. Proc. West. Sec. Am. Soc. Anim. Sci. 61:262-265.
    17. Mulliniks, J. T. 2010. Modeling seven years of young cow research. Corona Range and Livestock Research Center Newsletter. Volume 5, Issue 2.
    18. Mulliniks, J. T., Jennifer Muscha, S. L. Lodge-Ivey, and M. K. Petersen. 2010. Predicted mineral intake utilizing both water and forage analysis varies by source and location of livestock water in eastern Montana. Proc. West. Sec. Am. Soc. Anim. Sci. 61:182-185.
    19. Harrelson, F. W., S. L. Lodge-Ivey, S. H. Cox, R. L. Dunlap, J. T. Mulliniks, B. H. Carter, C. A. Loest, and M. K. Petersen. 2009. Effect of winter supplementation strategy on glucose metabolism pre- and postpartum. Proc. West. Sec. Am. Soc. Anim. Sci. 60:354-357.
    20. Mathis, C. P., S. H. Cox, C. A. Löest, M. K. Petersen, and J. T. Mulliniks. 2009. Pasture preconditioning calves at a higher rate of gain improves feedlot health but not post-weaning profit. Proc. West. Sec. Am. Soc. Anim. Sci. 60:388-391.
    21. Mulliniks, J. T., S. H. Cox, M. E. Kemp, R. L. Endecott, R. C. Waterman, D. M. VanLeeuwen, and M. K. Petersen. 2009. Impact of body condition score on reproductive performance in young postpartum range cows grazing native range. Proc. West. Sec. Am. Soc. Anim. Sci. 60:81-84.
    22. Mulliniks, J. T., S. H. Cox, M. E. Kemp, R. L. Endecott, R. C. Waterman, D. M. VanLeeuwen, and M. K. Petersen. 2009. Increasing glucogenic precursors in range supplements improves reproductive efficiency and profitability in young postpartum range cows in years 2000 to 2007. Proc. West. Sec. Am. Soc. Anim. Sci. 60:76-80.
    23. Petersen, M. K, S. H. Cox, and J. T. Mulliniks. 2009. Approaches to minimize protein supplementation. Southwest Beef Symposium. pp. 36-41.
    24. Gardner, C. M., J. D. Walsh, S. I. Valverde-Saenz, M. B. Horvath, J. T. Mulliniks, D. M. Hallford, S. L. Lodge-Ivey, K. K. Kane, and D. E. Hawkins. 2008. Ovarian function in heifers consuming low quality dormant forage. Proc. West. Sec. Am. Soc. Anim. Sci. 59:253-256.
    25. Mulliniks, J. T., M. E. Kemp, S. I. Valverde-Saenz, C. M. Gardner, S. H. Cox, A. Cibils, D. E. Hawkins, and M. K. Petersen. 2008. Reproduction in young postpartum range cows supplemented with glucogenic precursors. Proc. West. Sec. Am. Soc. Anim. Sci. 59:118-121.
    26. Mulliniks, J. T., M. E. Kemp, S. I. Valverde-Saenz, M. B. Horvath, S. H. Cox, A. Cibils, C. A. Loest, and M. K. Petersen. 2008. Impact of supplemented glucogenic precursors on nutrient partitioning in young postpartum range cows. Proc. West. Sec. Am. Soc. Anim. Sci. 59:391-395.
    27. Mulliniks, J. T., S. H. Cox, S. L. Ivey, C. P. Mathis, J. E. Sawyer, M. K. Petersen. 2008. Cow nutrition impacts feedlot pull rate. Proc. West. Sec. Am. Soc. Anim. Sci. 59:91-94.
    28. Petersen, M. K., S. H. Cox, C. P. Mathis, and J. T. Mulliniks. 2008. Strategic Supplementation: Mineral nutrition with a self-fed loose salt-mineral mix. Corona Range and Livestock Res. Center Field Day Proc. pp 58-61.
    29. Petersen, M. K., J. E. Sawyer, S. H. Cox, J. T. Mulliniks, S. L. Ivey, and R. Dunlap. 2008. Strategic Supplementation: NMSU Small Supplement. Corona Range and Livestock Res. Center Field Day Proc. pp 62-66.
    30. Valverde-Saenz, S. I., J. D. Walsh, C. M. Gardner, J. T. Mulliniks, S. B. Schilling, D. M. Hallford, A. L. Gonzales, E. L. Fredrickson, K. K. Kane, and D. E. Hawkins. 2008. Age at puberty in beef heifers: Criollo cattle versus british crossbred cattle. Proc. West. Sec. Am. Soc. Anim. Sci. 59:237-240.
    31. Walsh, J. D., C. M. Gardner, S. I. Valverde-Saenz, M. B. Horvath, J. T. Mulliniks, D. M. Hallford, S. L. Lodge-Ivey, K. K. Kane, and D. E. Hawkins. 2008. Neuroendocrine function in heifers consuming low quality dormant forage. Proc. West. Sec. Am. Soc. Anim. Sci. 59:241-245.
    32. Wesley, R. L., A. F. Cibils, E. R. Pollack, S. H. Cox, J. T. Mulliniks, M. K. Petersen, and E. L. Fredrickson. 2008. Differences in rangeland use patterns of young cows with different stress coping styles: Preliminary results. Corona Range and Livestock Res. Center Field Day Proc. pp 23-26.
    33. Mulliniks, J. T., S. H. Cox, J. E. Sawyer, R. Worley, M. K. Petersen. 2007. Utilization of corn gluten meal by heifers as a self-fed supplement. Proc. West. Sec. Am. Soc. Anim. Sci. 58:237-239.

    ABSTRACTS
    1. Boyer, C. N., Z. D. McFarlane, J. T. Mulliniks. 2018. Investment into developing heifers: When does she become profitable? Agricultural and Applied Economics Association Annual Meeting. Washington, DC.
    2. Boyer, C. N., Z. D. McFarlane, J. T. Mulliniks. 2018. Simulating calving season length impact on beef cattle profitability. Agricultural and Applied Economics Association Annual Meeting. Washington, DC.
    3. Caldwell, M., J. Storer, D. Schleicher, S. Collins, P. Krawzcel, and T. Mulliniks. 2018. Extended meloxicam therapy improves behavorial and performance parameters of beef calves infected with mannheimia haemolytica. ACVM Forum, Seattle, Washington.
    4. Mulliniks, J. T., and J. Beard. 2018. Sustainable and economically viable management options for cow/calf production through enhanced beef cow metabolic efficiency. American Society of Animal Science Annual Meeting. Vancouver, BC.
    5. Cibils, A. F., C. Black-Rubio, R. L. Wesley, V. J. Prileson, M. N. Sawalhah, R. Endecott, J. T. Mulliniks, M. K. Peteresen, S. H. Cox, and R. Dunlap. 2017. Cows and trees in New Mexico: Using cattle behavior to inform pinon juniper woodland management. Society of American Foresters. Albuquerque, NM.
    6. Boyer, C. N., S. R. Edwards, J. D. Hobbs, and J. T. Mulliniks. 2017. Optimal milk for cows in beef cattle production. Southern Agricultural Economics Association. Mobile, AL.
    7. Cope, E. R., B. H. Voy, M. Staton, T. Lane, J. Davitt, and J. T. Mulliniks. 2017. Effect of β-hydroxybutyrate on gene expression in the hypothalamus and pituitary of sheep. American Society of Animal Science Annual Meeting. Baltimore, MD.
    8. McFarlane, Z. D., R. P. Barbero, R. L. G. Nave, and J. T. Mulliniks. 2017. Effect of forage species and supplement type on rumen kinetics and serum metabolites in developing beef heifers grazing winter forage. American Society of Animal Science Annual Meeting. Baltimore, MD.
    9. Cope, E. R., B. H. Voy, B. K. Whitlock, J. D. Hobbs, Z. D. McFarlane, S. Das, and J. T. Mulliniks. 2016. Effect of exogenous β-hydroxybutyrate in the lateral ventricle on circulating serum metabolites and luteinizing hormone in castrated lambs. American Society of Animal Science Annual Meeting. Salt Lake City, UT.
    10. Cope, E. R., B. H. Voy, B. K. Whitlock, M. Staton, T. Lane, S. Das, S. R. Edwards, J. Davitt, and J. T. Mulliniks. 2016. Characterizing the sheep pituitary and hypothalamus transcriptome. Plant and Animal Genome Conference. San Diego, CA.
    11. Hobbs, J. D., E. R. Cope, S. E. Edwards, Z. D. McFarlane, and J. T. Mulliniks. 2016. Beta-hydroxybutyrate concentration influences conception date in young beef cows in Tennessee. American Society of Animal Science Annual Meeting. Salt Lake City, UT.
    12. McFarlane, Z. D., J.D. Hobbs, E.R. Cope, R. L. G. Nave, and J. T. Mulliniks. 2016. Developing heifers on stockpiled, dormant native forages delays gain without altering reproductive performance. American Society of Animal Science Annual Meeting. Salt Lake City, UT.
    13. Edwards, S. R., J. D. Rhinehart, R. L. G. Nave, and J. T. Mulliniks. 2015. Impact of milk production level on cow-calf productivity in Tennessee. Southern Section, American Society of Animal Science. Atlanta, GA.
    14. Edwards, S. R., R. L. G. Nave, J. D. Rhinehart, and J. T. Mulliniks. 2015. Developing heifers on stockpiled, dormant native forages delays gain without altering reproductive performance. Southern Section, American Society of Animal Science. Atlanta, GA.
    15. Henry, G., C. Boyer, A. Griffith, J. Larson, A. Smith, J. T. Mulliniks. 2015. Risk and Returns for a Spring- and Fall-Calving Beef Herd Grazing Tall Fescue in Tennessee. Southern Agricultural Economics Association Annual Meeting. Atlanta, GA.
    16. Mulliniks, J. T., B. H. Voy, B. K. Whitlock, S. R. Edwards, and S. J. Howard. 2015. Elevated concentration of β-hydroxybutyrate suppresses luteinizing hormone release in male lambs. Experimental Biology Abstract. Boston, MA.
    17. Voy, B. H., J. T. Mulliniks, B. K. Whitlock, S. R. Edwards, S. J. Howard, S. Das. 2015. Influence of beta-hydroxybutyrate on gene expression of hypothalamus and pituitary tissues in castrated male lambs. Experimental Biology Abstract. Boston, MA.
    18. Barbero, R., R. L.G. Nave, J. T. Mulliniks. 2014. Effect of forage species on rumen fermentation parameters. ASA, CSSA, & SSSA International Annual Meeting, Long Beach, CA.
    19. Keyser, P., C. Lituma, G. Bates, and T. Mulliniks. 2014. Grazing Eastern Gamagrass with Bred Heifers: Preliminary Results. Longleaf Conference and Eastern Native Grass Symposium. Mobil, AL.
    20. Mulliniks, J. T., A. G. Rius, M. A. Edwards, K. B. Brantley, S. R. Edwards, R. L. G. Nave. 2014. Improving efficiency of production in pasture/range based beef and dairy systems. J. Anim. Sci.
    21. Mulliniks, J. T., B. K. Whitlock, V. J. Balvin, M. A. Edwards, S. R. Edwards, S. J. Howard, S. R. Campagna, A. E. Wells, and B. H. Voy. 2014. Injection of β-hydroxybutyrate in the lateral ventricle suppresses luteinizing hormone release in castrated male lambs. J. Anim. Sci.
    22. Nave, R. L. G., J. T. Mulliniks, G. E. Bates, and L. Monteiro. 2014. Effects of nitrogen source on nutritive value of stockpiled tall-fescue under grazing. ASA, CSSA, & SSSA International Annual Meeting, Long Beach, CA.
    23. Petersen, M. K., J. M. Muscha, and J. T. Mulliniks. 2014. Livestock water quality from 2009 to 2013 varies across years in Eastern Montana. Nitrate in Montana Hydrologic System Conference, Helena, MT.
    24. Petersen, M. K., C. Mueller, J. T. Mulliniks, A. J. Roberts, T. Del Curto. 2013. Potential limitations of NRC in predicting energetic requirements of beef females within western U.S. grazing systems. J. Anim. Sci. 91(Supp.3):
    25. Petersen, M. K., J. M. Muscha, J. T. Mulliniks, A. J. Roberts, and R. C. Waterman. 2013. A preliminary assessment of yearlong relative loose mineral intake and range cow productivity in northern Great Plains. J. Anim. Sci. 91(Supp. 3):
    26. Petersen, M. K., J. M. Muscha, and J. T. Mulliniks. 2013. Livestock water quality in spring of 2009 to 2012 varies across years in Eastern Montana. Soc. Range Manage. Meetings, Oklahoma City, OK. Abstr.
    27. Endecott, R. L., A. J. Roberts, and J. T. Mulliniks. 2012. Enterprise level implications of heifer development. J. Anim. Sci. 90(Supp.3):605.
    28. Mulliniks, J. T., A. J. Roberts, R. C. Waterman, T. W. Geary, E. J. Scholljegerdes, and M. K. Petersen. 2012. Assessment of serum IGF-1 and -hydroxybutyrate concentrations on reproductive performance prior to calving and breeding in young beef cows grazing native range. J. Anim. Sci. 90(Supp. 3): T201.
    29. Mulliniks, J. T., D. E. Hawkins, K. K. Kane, S. H. Cox, L. A. Torell, E. J. Scholljegerdes, and M. K. Petersen. 2012. Metabolizable protein supply alters pregnancy and subsequent retention rate during heifer development while grazing dormant winter forage. J. Anim. Sci. 90(Supp. 3): T231.
    30. Mulliniks, J. T., M. E. Kemp, R. L. Endecott, S. H. Cox, E. J. Scholljegerdes, T. W. Geary, and M. K. Petersen. 2012. Pre-breeding β-hydroxybutyrate concentration influences conception date in young postpartum range beef cows. J. Anim. Sci. 90(Supp. 3): 18.
    31. Muscha, J. M., J. T. Mulliniks, A. J. Roberts, R. C. Waterman, J. A. Paterson, and M. K. Petersen. 2012. Variability in range cow mineral use is associated with season and daily high temperature in Northern Great Plains. Soc. Range Manage. Meetings, Spokane, WA. Abstr.
    32. Cibils, A. F., R. L. Wesley, J. T. Mulliniks, B. F. Cooper, E. R. Pollak, M. K. Petersen, E. L. Fredrickson, S. H. Cox, V. J. Prileson. 2011. A GPS assessment of spatial proximity patterns of rangeland-raised calves, their dams, and other nursing cows in the herd. International Rangeland Congress. Abstr.
    33. Petersen, M. K., J. M. Muscha, A. J. Roberts, and J. T. Mulliniks. 2011. Range cattle winter water consumption in northern Great Plains. J. Anim. Sci. 89(Supp. 3):37.
    34. Petersen, M. K., M. S. Reil, J. M. Muscha, and J. T. Mulliniks. 2011. Access to warm drinking water prevents rumen temperature drop without affecting in situ NDF disappearance in grazing winter range cows. J. Anim. Sci. 89(Supp. 3):53.
    35. Reil, M. S., J. T. Mulliniks, J. M. Muscha, R. C. Waterman, and M. K. Petersen. 2011. In vitro evaluation mimics influences of winter cold water ingestion on ruminal function. J. Anim. Sci. 89(Supp. 3): 95.
    36. Roberts, A. J., J. T. Mulliniks, R. C. Waterman, T. W. Geary, L. J. Alexander, M. K. Petersen, and M. D. MacNeil. 2011. Management and genetic factors affecting efficiency of cattle in a grazing environment. J. Anim. Sci. 89(Supp. 1):25.
    37. Harrelson, F. W., S. L. Ivey, S. H. Cox, R. L. Dunlap, J. T. Mulliniks, B. H. Carter, C. A. Loest, and M. K. Petersen. 2010. Effect of supplemental protein source during the winter on pre- and postpartum glucose metabolism. J. Anim. Sci. 88(Supp. 2):734.
    38. Mulliniks, J. T., Jennifer Muscha, S. L. Lodge-Ivey, and M. K. Petersen. 2010. Predicted mineral intake utilizing both water and forage analysis varies by source and location of livestock water in eastern Montana. J. Anim. Sci. 88(Supp. 2):W309.
    39. Petersen, M. K., J. Muscha, and J. T. Mulliniks. 2010. Mineral concentration of livestock water varies from surface to ground sources in Eastern Montana. Soc. Range Manage. Meetings, Denver, CO. Abstr.
    40. Harrelson, F. W., S. L. Lodge-Ivey, S. H. Cox, R. L. Dunlap, J. T. Mulliniks, B. H. Carter, C. A. Loest, and M. K. Petersen. 2009. Effect of winter supplementation strategy on glucose metabolism pre- and postpartum. J. Anim. Sci. 87(Supp. 3):63.
    41. Mathis, C. P., S. H. Cox, C. A. Löest, M. K. Petersen, and J. T. Mulliniks. 2009. Pasture preconditioning calves at a higher rate of gain improves feedlot health but not post-weaning profit. J. Anim. Sci. 87(Supp. 3):71.
    42. Mulliniks, J. T., S. H. Cox, M. E. Kemp, R. L. Endecott, R. C. Waterman, D. M. VanLeeuwen, and M. K. Petersen. 2009. Impact of body condition score on reproductive performance in young postpartum range cows grazing native range. J. Anim. Sci. 87(Supp. 3):15.
    43. Mulliniks, J. T., S. H. Cox, M. E. Kemp, R. L. Endecott, R. C. Waterman, D. M. VanLeeuwen, and M. K. Petersen. 2009. Increasing glucogenic precursors in range supplements improves reproductive efficiency and profitability in young postpartum range cows in years 2000 to 2007. J. Anim. Sci. 87(Supp. 3):14.
    44. Wesley, R. L., A. F. Cibils, E. R. Pollack, S. H. Cox, J. T. Mulliniks, M. K. Petersen, and E. Fredrickson. 2009. Comparing beef cow behavioral syndromes to measures of productivity and spatial use of rangeland. Soc. Range. Manage. Meetings, Albuquerque, NM. Abstr.
    45. Gardner, C. M., J. D. Walsh, S. I. Valverde-Saenz, M. B. Horvath, J. T. Mulliniks, D. M. Hallford, S. L. Lodge-Ivey, K. K. Kane, and D. E. Hawkins. 2008. Ovarian function in heifers consuming low quality dormant forage. J. Anim. Sci. 86(Supp. 3):58.
    46. Mulliniks, J. T., M. E. Kemp, S. I. Valverde-Saenz, C. M. Gardner, S. H. Cox, A. Cibils, D. E. Hawkins, and M. K. Petersen. 2008. Reproduction in young postpartum range cows supplemented with glucogenic precursors. J. Anim. Sci. 86(Supp. 3):63.
    47. Mulliniks, J. T., M. E. Kemp, S. I. Valverde-Saenz, M. B. Horvath, S. H. Cox, A. Cibils, C. A. Loest, and M. K. Petersen. 2008. Impact of supplemented glucogenic precursors on nutrient partitioning in young postpartum range cows. J. Anim. Sci. 86(Supp. 3):96.
    48. Mulliniks, J. T., S. H. Cox, S. L. Ivey, C. P. Mathis, J. E. Sawyer, M. K. Petersen. 2008. Cow nutrition impacts feedlot pull rate. J. Anim. Sci. 86(Supp. 3):41.
    49. Valverde-Saenz, S. I., J. D. Walsh, C. M. Gardner, J. T. Mulliniks, S. B. Schilling, D. M. Hallford, A. L. Gonzales, E. L. Fredrickson, K. K. Kane, and D. E. Hawkins. 2008. Age at puberty in beef heifers: Criollo cattle versus british crossbred cattle. J. Anim. Sci. 86(Supp. 3):54.
    50. Walsh, J. D., C. M. Gardner, S. I. Valverde-Saenz, M. B. Horvath, J. T. Mulliniks, D. M. Hallford, S. L. Lodge-Ivey, K. K. Kane, and D. E. Hawkins. 2008. J. Anim. Sci. 86(Supp. 3):55.
    51. Wesley, R. L., A. F. Cibils, E. R. Pollack, S. H. Cox, J. T. Mulliniks, M. K. Petersen, and E. L. Fredrickson. 2008. Differences in rangeland use patterns of cattle contrasting stress coping styles. China International Rangeland Congress. Abstr.
    52. Wesley, R. L., A. F. Cibils, E. R. Pollack, S. H. Cox, J. T. Mulliniks, M. K. Petersen, and E. Fredrickson. 2008. Measures of daily distribution patterns of cow calf pairs using global positioning systems on both cows and calves. Soc. Range Manage. Meetings, Louisville, KY. Abstr.
    53. Mulliniks, J. T., S. H. Cox, J. E. Sawyer, R. Worley, M. K. Petersen. 2007. Utilization of corn gluten meal by heifers as a self-fed supplement. J. Anim. Sci. 85(Supp. 2):85.

    INVITED PAPERS
    1. Sustainable and economically viable management options for cow/calf production through enhanced beef cow metabolic efficiency. American Society of Animal Science Annual Meeting. Vancouver, BC. J. T. Mulliniks and J. Beard.
    2. Drivers of grazing livestock efficiency: how physiology, metabolism, experience and adaptability influence productivity? 5th Grazing Livestock Nutrition Conference. Park City, UT. July, 2016. J. T. Mulliniks and R. C. Waterman.
    3. Improving efficiency of pasture-based cow-calf systems. XX Curso "Novos Enfogues na Producoa e Reproducao de Bovinos", March 17-18, 2016, Uberlandia, MG, Brazil. J. T. Mulliniks, J. D. Hobbs, E. R. Cope, and J. D. McFarlane.
    4. Nutritional and management strategies to increase reproductive efficiency and longevity in young beef cows. XX Curso "Novos Enfogues na Producoa e Reproducao de Bovinos", March 17-18, 2016, Uberlandia, MG, Brazil. J. T. Mulliniks, J. D. Hobbs, E. R. Cope, and J. D. McFarlane.
    5. Improving production efficiency of range/pasture based beef and dairy systems. ASAS-ADAS Joint National Meeting. Kansas City, MO. July, 2014. J. T. Mulliniks, A. G. Rius, M. A. Edwards, K. B. Brantley, S. R. Edwards, R. L. G. Nave.
    6. Potential limitations of NRC in predicting energetic requirements of beef females within western U.S. grazing systems. ASAS-ADAS Joint National Meeting. Indianapolis, IN July, 2013. M. K. Petersen, C. Mueller, J. T. Mulliniks, A. J. Roberts, T. Del Curto, and R. C. Waterman.
    7. Enterprise level implications of heifer development. ASAS-ADAS Joint National Meeting. Phoenix, AZ July, 2012. R. L. Endecott, A. J. Roberts, and J. T. Mulliniks.
    8. Feed efficiency – how should it be used for the cow herd? The Range Beef Cow Symposium XXII. Mitchell, NE Dec, 2011. A. J. Roberts, R. Funston, J. T. Mulliniks, M. K. Petersen, and M. MacNeil.
    9. Management and genetic factors affecting efficiency of cattle in a grazing environment. ASAS-ADAS Joint National Meeting. New Orleans, LA July, 2011. A. J. Roberts, J. T. Mulliniks, R. C. Waterman, T. W. Geary, L. J. Alexander, M. K. Petersen, and M. D. MacNeil.
    10. Challenges to predicting productivity of grazing ruminants: Where to now?. Proc. 4th Grazing Livestock Nutrition Conference. Estes Park, CO July, 2010. M. K. Petersen, J. T. Mulliniks, A. J. Roberts, and R. C. Waterman.
    11. Ganaderia de cria en zonas áridas. Qué ofrece de nuevo la ciencia? Argentina Association of Anim. Prod. M. K. Petersen, S. H. Cox, J.T. Mulliniks, R.C. Waterman and L. A. Torell.
    12. Approaches to minimize protein supplementation. Southwest Beef Symposium. Midland, TX January, 2009. M. K. Petersen, S. Cox, and J. T. Mulliniks.

    POPULAR PRESS
    1. Mulliniks, J. T., 2016. Are Cows Athletes? Adaptability say yes. Feedstuffs. June, 2016 pp. 44.

    THESIS/DISSERTATION
    • Mulliniks, J. T., 2008. Using strategic supplementation to enhance cow/calf productivity in New Mexico's rangeland. MS Thesis. New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, NM 88003.
    • Mulliniks, J. T., 2012. Nutritional and metabolic factors influencing reproductive efficiency in grazing beef cows. PhD. Dissertation. New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, NM 88003.


    GRANTMANSHIP
    GRANTS SUMMARY
    Funded Submitted
    Year PI Co-PI PI Co-PI Total
    2013 -- $60,845.00 $150,000.00 $14,999.99 $225,844.99
    2014 $464,028.30 $156,000.00 -- $1,841,320.60 $2,461,348.90
    2015 $53,640.00 $9,642.00 -- $9,722,700.00 $9,785,982.00
    2016 $61,640.00 $228,617.00 $499,605.00 $940,905.00 $1,730,767.00
    2017 -- -- $46,800.00 $2,050,000.00 $2,096,800.00
    Total $579,308.30 $455,104.00 $696,405.00 $14,569,925.59 $16,300,742.89


    1. COMPLETED
      1. Rhinehart, J. R., and J. T. Mulliniks (Co-PI). 2013. ADM Alliance Nutrition. Intake and in-field stability of monensin-containing Mintrate XL 20 pressed tubs fed to stocker cattle grazing summer pasture. - $60,845 (Mulliniks portion: $45,338.00).
      2. Mulliniks, J. T. (PI). ADM Alliance Nutrition. 2014. Intake of monensin-containing Mintrate XL 20 RU pressed tubs fed to stocker cattle grazing summer pastures. - $67,117.30.
      3. Whitlock, B. K., J. T. Mulliniks (Co-PI), B. H. Voy, and L. Amelse. NeuroNet Seed Grant. 2015. Influence of beta-hydroxybutyrate on immortalized GnRH-secreting GT1-7 hypothalamic cells. - $9,642 (Mulliniks portion: $0).
    2. FUNDED AND IN PROGRESS
      1. Mulliniks, J. T. (PI), B. H. Voy, B. K. Whitlock. 2015. Center of Excellence in Livestock Disease and Human Health. - $29,658 (Mulliniks portion: $29,658).
      2. Nave, R., J. T. Mulliniks (Co-PI), G. Bates, J. Johnson, R. Sulc, and D. Baker. USDA-NIFA. 2014. Nutritive value of forage accumulation in alfalfa and alfalfa-mixtures as influenced by forage management. - $156,000 (Mulliniks portion: $0).
      3. Mulliniks, J. T. (PI), G. Bates, R. Nave, C. Boyer, J. D. Rhinehart, N. S. Eash, and P. Keyser. NRCS-CIG. 2014. Demonstrating cost-effective, low-input grazing management systems using stockpiled native forages. - $396,911 (Mulliniks portion: $143,766).
      4. Mulliniks, J. T. (PI), P. Myer, J. D. Rhinehart. 2015. Proton Power. The effect of biochar on forage digestibility, methane production, and methanogens - $23,982 (Mulliniks portion: $20,982).
      5. Mulliniks, J. T. (PI). ADM Alliance Nutrition. 2016. Intake of monensin-containing Mintrate XL 20 RU pressed tubs fed to stocker cattle grazing summer pastures. - $61,640.00.
      6. Myer, P., and J. T. Mulliniks (Co-PI). Ascus Biosciences, Inc. 2016. Microbiome and Functional Mechanisms Explaining Differences in Cow/Calf Feed Efficiency. - $228,617.00. (Mulliniks portion: $20,000).
    3. SUBMITTED
      1. PENDING
        1. Keyser, P., G. Bates, F. Walker, R. Oakes, J. T. Mulliniks (Co-PI), C. Boyer, S. Schaeffer, and J. Smith. 2017. Improved drought resiliency and production efficiency for grasslands agriculture. USDA-NRCS. - $2,000,000 (Mulliniks portion: $148,132).
        2. Nave Oakes, R., G. Bates, and J. T. Mulliniks (Co-PI). 2017. Interseeding warm-season annual forages into tall fescue pastures for sustainable grazing systems in Tennessee. AgResearch Innovation Grants. - $50,000 (Mulliniks portion: $10,000).
        3. Mulliniks, J. T. (PI), B. H. Voy, and K. Lamour. 2017. Development of genetic tools and resources for selecting energetically efficient beef cows for Tennessee beef producers. AgResearch Innovation Grants. - $46,800 (Mulliniks portion: $24,600).
      2. UNFUNDED
        1. Mulliniks, J. T. (PI), B. H. Voy, P. Myer, and K. Pohler. 2016. Cow herd metabolic flexibility: Identifying adaptive mechanisms to increase productive efficiency. USDA-AFRI. - $499,605 (Mulliniks portion: $222,068).
        2. Oakes, R. N., G. Bates, D. Butler, J. T. Mulliniks (Co-PI), K. Lewis, F. Walker, S. Hawkins, J. Rhinehart, A. Griffin, N. Eash, J. Smith, S. Jagadamma. NRCS-CIG. 2016. Demonstration of integrated crop-livestock systems as an effort to enhance production efficiency and environmental quality in the Southeast U.S. - $940,905 (Mulliniks portion: $67,577).
        3. Keyser, P.D., G. Bates, R. L. Kallenbach, R. Smith, J. Jennings, C. M. Lituma, T. Mulliniks (Co-PI), S. Schaeffer, J. Morgan, R. Nave, K. Lewis, A. Griffith. 2015. Enhancing grassland ecosystem sustainability. USDA-NRCS Regional Conservation Partnership Program, April 2016 – March 2021. - $8,440,000 (Mulliniks portion: $261,121).
        4. Myer, P., A. Smith, T. Mulliniks (Co-PI), K. Lewis, and J. Smith. 2015. Determining the potential of Tennessee soybeans as a beef cattle feed stock for the enhancement and sustainability of Tennessee soybean production. Tennessee Soybean Promotion Council. - $30,650 (Mulliniks portion: $0).
        5. Nave, R., G. Bates, J. T. Mulliniks (Co-PI), K. Lewis. 2015. Demonstration of sustainable alternatives for nitrogen fertilization of tall fescue pastures. NRCS-CIG. - $257,858.00.
        6. Nave, R., G. Bates, J. T. Mulliniks (Co-PI), J. D. Rhinehart. 2014. Identifying Mineral Imbalances in Forages and Water in the Mid-South US. USDA-AFRI. - $149,909.60.
        7. Myer, P., and J. T. Mulliniks (Co-PI). 2015. Microbiome and Functional Mechanisms Explaining Differences in Cow/Calf Feed Efficiency. USDA-AFRI. $498,658.
        8. Voy, B. H., J. Lin, J. T. Mulliniks (Co-PI), and A. Rius. 2014. Farm to Plate: Connecting animal nutrition and human health. USDA-NIFA. - $238,500.00.
        9. Rius, A., T. Mulliniks (Co-PI), L. Edwards, R. Almeida, G. Pighetti, J. Loor. 2014. Regulation of Milk Protein Synthesis and Nitrogen Metabolism in Dairy Cows Exposed to Heat Stress. USDA-NIFA Grants Program. $900,000.
        10. Keyser, P., R. Auge, J. DeBruyn, E. Bernard, C. Boyer, A. Ashworth, H. Toler, and J. T. Mulliniks (Co-PI). USDA-AFRI. 2014. Enhancing Agro-Grasslands Sustainability through Innovative and Improved Soil Biodiversity. - $499,711.
        11. Nave, R., G. Bates, J. T. Mulliniks (Co-PI), P. Krawczel, and A. Rius. NSF – National Science Foundation – Catalyzing New International Collaborations. 2014. US-Brazil Planning Visit – Integrated Crop-Livestock Farming Systems. - $53,200.00.
        12. Griffith, C. Boyer, J. Fewell, J. T. Mulliniks (Co-PI), M. McClure, G. Bates, R. Nave, and D. Tyler. Improving Soil Health Using an Integrated Crop-Livestock System – Southern Region SARE Program – $295,434.00.
        13. Nave, R., G, Bates, and J. T. Mulliniks (Co-PI). Strategies to improve white clover establishment. Southern Region SARE – 2013 Producer Grant Program. – $14,999.99
        14. Mulliniks, J. T. (PI) and C. Loest. Rumen-protected branched-chain amino acids could reduce calf susceptibility to disease. Balchem. - $150,000.